Although the exact cause of 10x increase of sleep apnea in heart patients is unknown, some of the following associations include:
- Narrowed blood vessels with increased sympathetic nervous system activity
- Increased blood-clotting chemical
- Increased inflammation and plaque-forming factors
- Increased insulin levels
These associations may explain high risk of:
- Acute Heart Attack
- Unstable Blood Pressure
- Irregular Heart Rhythm
- Congestive Heart Failure
- Sudden Death (according to a study, 40% of deaths are during sleep)
Am I at Risk?
Just like Heart Disease, Sleep Apnea can also be silent.
Signs and symptoms include but are not limited to: obesity, large neck, snoring, day time sleepiness, fatigue, GERD, early morning headaches, uncontrolled blood pressure, uncontrolled diabetes, and erectile dysfunction.
Sleeping with the Enemy:
High prevalence of Sleep Apnea is heart attack, stroke, sudden death, seizures, and myocardial infarction, among others.
Other factors with high prevalence of Sleep Apnea:
- Uncontrolled Diabetes
- Chronic pain medications
- Regular alcohol use
- Night shift workers
- Long distance drivers
- Athletes with energy drinks and supplement use
- Psychiatric illness
- Unexplained migraines, seizures, altered mental status, dizziness, memory loss, fatigue, and restless leg syndrome